The mechanism and type of the faucet

Faucets are used  to turn water on and off and adjust the water flow. There are different types of faucets for different purposes. It is important to know which type of faucet you are currently using so you will not have any trouble when trying to replace them. In this article, we go through the different types of faucets and their uses. 

 Types of faucets

Faucets are used to turn water on and off and to control the water flow. Faucets are used in various places such as kitchens, bathrooms, and washrooms.

Thermostatic faucet

This faucet has an automatic temperature control function that maintains a constant water temperature regardless of the hot water temperature and water pressure. By setting the temperature using the temperature control handle, the thermostat cartridge automatically determines the amount of hot water and water to be dispensed and adjusts the amount of water to be discharged. As a result, the temperature of the hot water supplied is stable.

Single lever faucet

This faucet allows water control with just a single handle. The valve that controls the flow of hot and cold water is interlocked with the lever handle for operation, making it easy to adjust water temperature and volume. These types are often used in kitchens where one-handed operation is required.

Metered faucet

Metered faucets are usually used in bathrooms. The amount of hot water to be dispensed can be set with the target setting handle, then the metering cartridge automatically stops the faucet after dispensing the set amount of water. 

Self-closing faucet

This type is often used in hotels, saunas, and other bathhouses. When the button is pressed once, approximately 3 liters of water is dispensed, after that the water flow is automatically stopped. This is an economical way of saving water.

Two-handle faucet

This faucet uses two handles to mix, dispense, and stop water. The water flow and pressure is controlled by turning the handles up or down. These faucets are mainly used in bathrooms and sinks.

Single faucet

This is the simplest type of faucet, and turns water on and off with a handle. Its mechanism is the same as a two-handle faucet.

Solar faucet

This faucet is used when the heat source for the hot water is from a solar heater. If the system is a combination system, it can be used in combination with a water heater.

Troubleshooting faucets

It is important to know the structure and mechanism of the water supply to make it easier to fix problems such as water leakage or water outage. Below are the common problems when using water faucets and how to fix them.

Water leaks from the tip of the faucet

It is a common problem that water flushes out from the end of the faucet and does not stop, even though the handle or lever should be closed. The cause of this problem differs depending on faucet type. 

In the case of the handle type, it is mostly caused by the deterioration of the internal valve or dirt. In many cases, the problem can be fixed by simply cleaning the valve parts. In the case of the single lever type, the valve itself is most likely the problem and often needs to be replaced.

Water leaks around the faucet

Water may leak from sources other than the tip of the faucet. In this case, the cause depends on the area where the water is leaking, so first determine where the leak is coming from.

If the leak is under the handle, it might be a valve issue. As mentioned above, clean the valve and replace it if necessary. If the leak is above the spout, which is the part that moves in conjunction with the faucet, the cause is either deterioration of the rubber seal, loosening of the cartridge holder, failure of the spout itself, or failure of the valve. This can only be seen by disassembling the unit, so it is better to check one by one to identify the problem. If the water is leaking from under the spout, the cause is most likely the spout or seal.

Water flow issues 

The amount of water flowing is not sufficient. Most often, this trouble is caused by a clogged filter in the water outlet. Removing the cap of the water outlet and cleaning the filter inside will fix the problem.


It is important to know and understand the different types of faucets and their parts and usage to make it easier to repair or replace them.